Further I would like to add one more question to the NSK questionnaire:
This is: whom shall we ask for amnesty? Whom should we address this question to?
The answer seems to be obvious: the President of the State, the Government.
Still it’s not simple as that:
Let’s take Lebanon. About 4 million Lebanese people live there (data from Wikipedia), about five times more Lebanese people live abroad (8-14 million) – the biggest community is in Brazil, 7 millions, but also there are many living in Canada, or Europe.
Still Lebanon actually has 6 million inhabitants and not 4, because one from every five Lebanese inhabitant is from Syria, others are from Palestine and other countries.
The protection – mental and legal – for our lives is provided mainly by our family and friends ( and seldom by the well-fares state, as in Sweden).
So the families from regions like the Middle East are torn. Some of them live in democratic societies, others not.
Those, who live as migrants outside the war regions – in Europe, Brazil, Arabian-Persian Gulf – are not safe at all, as possible victims of human rights violation, being migrants. But this is not the only problem: after receiving an EU citizenship or permanent residency, their political voice, their financial situation and the strength of their network is also responsible for the fate of the relatives, who live in war- regions without any legal protection. Image the situation: you live in Europe, but your relative is in a prison, where hundreds, thousands of people are killed and many tortured? Or in a village, which might be targeted any time. Do you still feel protected by your EU passport? Or are you part of those communities, who are shelled at home? How much money do you have to pay to international criminals to protect human lives at home?
So my question is, whom shall we ask for amnesty?
Which government? The President of Europe or the Homeland ?
Shall we ask the local police of our district for amnesty: this means, shall we ask them not to arrest us if accusations are faked by criminals? Or shall we ask the court? Or the Ministry of Inner Affairs? Or of Foreign Affairs?
Or shall we ask the media, news, radio and net to ask for it for us?
By the way, what about the newspapers? And the free press???
(…) Can we ask the press to support amnesty for human rights advocates and simple people?
In this case, who will protect the press people, the journalists from being killed in one of the war regions? Or from losing their sponsors at home?
Or shall we ask the social platforms?
If it comes to a trial, most of the evidence for or against an accusation towards a subject is delivered on so called digital social media, internet.
It is not printed on paper, or stored as analogue film. It is stored on the servers. The system admin has access to the data. He can change it. Servers are not national, but global or private. Shall we ask the system admins for our amnesty?
They often have the key-role. But where are they? In Ireland?
Or shall we ask our friends and family, our personal network to support us on an upper level () by informal support? Step by step?
What about those, whose network is not influential enough and never reaches the President, the Court or the Police?
The list of questions is endless.
The legal system is separated/divided into legislative, juristic and executive power to protect the individual and not to centralize power.
The executive force is local: the police man, with the lowest salary in the chain, who has to arrest you. The doctor, who has to treat you if declared mentally ill. Who decides locally, if you will be treated after war trauma’s mental disease with patience , analysis and natural therapies like sports, yoga, music and herbs or if you will just be tied down with plastic ropes to a bed, detained in a dirty clinic behind bars and injected with unknown brain serums you would not want?
Executive power may also be the post-man, who brings you an important letter or document, and who decides, if you should receive the necessary documents to stay legal – even more complicated is your phone and net communications. Is it executive power, who allows you to talk to anybody local (is it the big t-com building around the corner)? or globally, sitting in Berlin or California?
The executive power can also be your boss, who pays you, or even a family member, who is forced to accuse you with financial tools or even by dislocated military authorities.
All these are rather local.
If you are politically accused, you can escape the immediate executive punishment: poverty by prohibition of salary payment, prison, shelling, death or forced to change country : by becoming an asylum – seeker. But your escape might be limited in time, because the legal and legislative powers are not really local for a country, but often global.
Much more complex are the juristic examples: these are basically local, in their natural state. The court, the judges are appointed by your nation/state not as the laws and latest rules all kept in the digital cloud.
((Traditional exceptions from nation state courts: a legislative power, which is not local is the UN (a supra-nation court, which came into being as a protection against crimes against humanity after the WW2), and the court in Hague. One more exception: a juristic instance outside the nation-state in colonized states. But UN, and the colonial system have been well depicted in political studies.))
The most complex are the legislative instances, those who make the rules. The legislatives. I want to show by my question, that they often are NOT local, not in the nation- states.
The voters, who should delegate the politicians are often lost, migrated, exile and stateless without a possibility to vote. The elite sits often stateless on a private plane.
The state without nation might become a spot where people only live – independent from their national identity and their legal status ( citizenship). This would be the end of all justice.
We need to protect the unity of citizenship and the nation- state ( by nation state I mean of course no ethnically homogenous state). Some politicians suggest and build fences for this.
Still, there is no democracy or any protection of human rights in Europe and America, if there are no human rights and stable legal systems outside Europe, if there is no protection for the citizens and if there is no peace outside Europe. I wanted to show this by my question: Whom shall I ask for amnesty? This is a possible question to NSK, IRWIN and Slavoj Zizek and Zdenka Badovinacz, whose writings I respect and like very much.
I would like to ask the reader to support the amnesty in the name of the many Syrians and the people from war regions, and from countries in Middle East, also in Europe and in my country Hungary – the asylum seekers from all over the world, having no exact person, or institute, whom we can address.
And I ask the delegates: Do you need amnesty?
Róza El-Hassan email@example.com
Tangle Drawing, around 1997
The 10 people that you choose, together with your own answers, will form the inspiration for the installation of the second part of the Pavilion by Ahmet Öğüt. All your chosen colleagues will be offered free NSK citizenship and therefore automatic right of entry to the Slavoj Žižek lecture that will be held on Thursday, 11th of May 2017 at the IUAV University of Venice.
We do hope you will be willing to assume the role of an Agent to our Pavilion and that you can commit to carrying out the tasks as listed.
Please let us know as soon as possible, the latest by 10th December 2016 whether you are able to join us and please do not hesitate to ask any questions or seek any clarifications that you may need in order to make a positive decision.
For further information please contact Mara Ambrožič, project director for the NSK State-in-Time Venice Pavilion through firstname.lastname@example.org.
Sending, coordination and reception of emails will be followed by the Organisational Unit using the following address email@example.com.
With our best wishes, Zdenka Badovinac and Charles Esche Curators, NSK State-in-Time Pavilion 2017
Olia Ialina, Agatha Appears 1997 http://www.c3.hu/collection/agatha/